About K to 12
Strengthening Early Childhood Education (Universal Kindergarten)
- Every Filipino child now has access to early childhood education through Universal Kindergarten. At 5 years old, children start schooling and are given the means to slowly adjust to formal education.
- Research shows that children who underwent Kindergarten have better completion rates than those who did not. Children who complete a standards-based Kindergarten program are better prepared, for primary education. Education for children in the early years lays the foundation for lifelong learning and for the total development of a child. The early years of a human being, from 0 to 6 years, are the most critical period when the brain grows to at least 60-70 percent of adult size.
- In Kindergarten, students learn the alphabet, numbers, shapes, and colors through games, songs, and dances, in their Mother Tongue.
Making the Curriculum Relevant to Learners (Contextualization and Enhancements)
- Examples, activities, songs, poems, stories, and illustrations are based on local culture, history, and reality. This makes the lessons relevant to the learners and easy to understand.
- Students acquire in-depth knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes through continuity and consistency across all levels and subjects.
- Discussions on issues such as Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Climate Change Adaptation, and Information & Communication Technology (ICT) are included in the enhanced curriculum.
Building Proficiency (Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education)
- In Kindergarten to Grade 3, the child's dominant language is used as the language of learning.
- Filipino and English language proficiency is developed from Kindergarten to Grade 3 but very gradually.
- Mother Tongue is used in instruction and learning materials of other learning areas.
- The learners retain their ethnic identity, culture, heritage and values.
- Children learn better and are more active in class and learn a second language even faster when they are first taught in a language they understand.
Ensuring Intergrated and Seamless Learning (Spiral Progression)
- Basic concepts/general concepts are first learned.
- More complex and sophisticated version of the basic/general concepts are then rediscovered in the succeeding grades.
- This strengthens retention and enhances mastery of topics and skills as they are revisited and consolidated time and again.
- This also allows learners to learn topics and skills approriate to their developmental and cognitive skills.